The very first thing you have to do is to install OS on your Raspberry Pi. Today I install Raspbian on which various programs for learning are available.
|Table of contents|
What you need
- Micro SD card (larger than 8GB) *class 10 is recommended
- PC connected to Internet
- Micro USB power supply
- PC monitor (HDMI or DVI-D)
- Monitor cable (monitor <=> Raspberry Pi 3)
1. Format SD card
If your SD card is new, you can skip this step. Mine was used so many times for different purposes. So I formatted it for just in case. You need to work with your PC for this procedure. In order to format SD cards for Raspberry Pi, you need to use SD Formatter 4.0 instead of using format function of your PC.
SD Formatter 4.0: download
Once you download it, click “setup.exe” and follow the instruction to use it. You can choose 3 options: QUICK, FULL(Erase) and FULL(Overwrite). I didn’t know which option I should take but I chose “FULL(Erase)” and it worked out.
2. Download NOOBS
NOOBS is a installer that contains Raspbian. There are several ways to install Raspbian, but this is a recommended method for beginners according to rassberrypi.org.
Once you download NOOBS, unzip and copy all the files inside to SD card.
3. Hardware setup
You want to connect necessary devices with your Raspberry Pi 3. Here is how I did!!
- Micro USB power supply (5V, 2.5A)
- HDMI cable (to the monitor)
- Mouse & Keyboard (I used wireless type and it worked.)
- Micro SD card (inserted from the back side.)
4. Raspbian installation & setting
Raspberry Pi doesn’t have a power switch. Once you plug a power supply connector, it automatically starts. So this plugging is equally to turn the power switch of your PC. If it’s powered properly, you will see the red LED lightning. Another LED (green) will blink when Raspberry Pi accesses to the SD card.
You will see this screen when you first start Raspberry Pi 3. Just check Raspbian and click “Install”.
Click “Yes” for the warning.
Installation will begin. Just wait until it ends.
You will see Raspbian desktop after the installation. Now you want to set up timezone and keyboard layout.
Go: Menu > Preference > Raspberry Pi Configuration
Set up timezone and keyboard layout from here.
*Non-English users: Don’t set up “Locale” before you install a language pack. Otherwise, you may see garbled texts.
5. Connect to Internet
Raspberry Pi 3 has a built-in WiFi adapter. So you can connect to Internet either with LAN cable or WiFi. I connected to WiFi and it was easy. Just click the icon for WiFI on your desktop (upper right) and select your access point.
6. OS update
As other major OSs, Raspbian is updated from time to time. Once you are online, it’s better to update your OS and firmware. Click and open LX terminal (upper left on your desktop). Then enter the commands below in order.
sudo apt-get update
Get available update list
sudo apt-get upgrade
Update Rspberry Pi 3 firmware
As I needed Japanese font, I additionally entered the command below. Once you install your own font package, you can set locale from Raspberry Pi Configuration.
sudo apt-get install fonts-vlgothic
Install Japanese font